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Plant and Grow Seeds

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Asparagus

Mary Washington
Asparagus Illustration

Asparagus

Days to Germination: 
14 to 21 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

10-18 inches

Days to Harvest: 
3 years
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
Containers are not suggested for asparagus
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors, in the spring, 12 to 14 weeks before planting outdoors. Keep the seeds moist and in full sunlight. Transplant when 3 to 5 inches tall. After 1 year, transplant to a permanent location where the plants can grow undisturbed. Harvest the first crop after 3 years, then every spring.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Asparagus page Print
 

Beets

Detroit Dark Red
Beets Illustration

Beets

Days to Germination: 
8-10 days
Planting Depth: 
1 inch
Plant Spacing: 

10 inches

Days to Harvest: 
60 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun / Partial shade
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the ground can be worked. After planting, press down, covering with soil firmly. Beets grow best in full sun and well-drained soil. Harvest when their roots are 3 inches in diameter.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out. Prior to harvesting, try soaking the ground to make the beets easier to pull up.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Beets page Print
 

Cantaloupe

Hale's Best Jumbo
Honey Rock
Sierra Gold
Canteloupe

Cantaloupe

Days to Germination: 
7 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

4 feet (Hale’s Best Jumbo will need 5 to 6 feet)

Days to Harvest: 
80 to 90 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 4 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Be sure not to disturb the roots during transplanting. Try making a small hill about 9 to 12 inches tall for the seedlings to start in and the plants to grow down from.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Cantaloupe page Print

Carrots

Danvers (Red and Orange)
Carrots

Carrots

Size at Maturity: 4 to 8 inches

Days to Germination: 
8 to 12 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/4 to 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

4 inches

Days to Harvest: 
70 to 75 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
At least 12 inches deep for Danver and 14 inches deep for Long Imperator
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in loose soil when all danger of frost is past. Continue to sow seeds until 75 to 77 days before the expected fall frost.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out. Prior to harvesting, soak the ground to make the carrots easier to pull up.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Carrots page Print

Carrots

Long Imperator
Carrots

Carrots

Size at Maturity: 8 to 11 inches

Days to Germination: 
8 to 12 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/4 to 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

4 inches

Days to Harvest: 
70 to 75 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
At least 14 inches deep
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in loose soil when all danger of frost is past. Continue to sow seeds until 75 to 77 days before the expected fall frost.

The Long Imperator variety needs deep, loose soil. Don't allow the soil to become muddy or soggy or the carrots may crack. In addition, don’t let this variety mature fully or it will become woody and less flavorful.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out. Prior to harvesting, soak the ground to make the carrots easier to pull up.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Carrots page Print

Chives

Chives Illustration

Chives

Days to Germination: 
15-21 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

6 inches

Days to Harvest: 
80-90 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 6 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location in rich, well-drained soil. The leaves can be harvested 4 months after sowing. Cut them often to encourage growth.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Chives page Print

Cilantro

Cilantro

Cilantro

These seeds are for growing the cilantro plant; however, the seeds themselves are coriander!

Days to Germination: 
7 to 10 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing: 

6 inches

Days to Harvest: 
70 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun / Partial shade
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden, preferably in full sun, after all danger of frost is past and the soil is warm (preferably 70 degrees F). Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Cilantro page Print

Cucumbers

Slicer
Cucumber Illustration

Cucumbers

Days to Germination: 
8-10 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

6 inches

Days to Harvest: 
68 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location with well-drained soil after all danger of frost is past and the ground is warm. For smaller gardens, plant the seeds alongside a fence or trellis. Plant at 3-week intervals up to midsummer for fresh cucumbers all season. Pick when 6 to 8 inches long.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Cucumbers page Print
 

Kale

Siberian, Red Russian and White Russian
Kale Illustration

Kale

Days to Germination: 
8-12 days
Planting Depth: 
1/4 - 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

12 inches

Days to Harvest: 
50 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun / Partial shade
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the ground can be worked. Place one seed every 12 inches. Cover with soil. Harvest side leaves as needed at 6 to 8 inches in length.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Kale page Print
 

Lettuce

Mesclun Mix
Lettuce - Mesclun Mix

Lettuce

Grow seven different salad greens: arugula, endive, red kale, red and green romaine, Salad Bowl lettuce, and Lolla Rossa lettuce.

Days to Germination: 
7 to 10 days
Planting Depth: 
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing: 

6 inches

Days to Harvest: 
40 to 80 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be made fine and loose. Plant them every 2 inches, covering them firmly with soil.

Mesclun needs plenty of moisture. Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out;  however, overwatering or lack of air circulation will cause the leaves to rot.

As the plants begin to crowd, pick individual leaves regularly for use.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Lettuce page Print

Lettuce

Black Seeded Simpson
Select Salad Blend
Lettuce

Lettuce

Days to Germination: 
7 to 10 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing: 

8 inches

Days to Harvest: 
45 to 50 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun / Partial shade
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be made fine and loose. Plant them every 6 inches, covering them firmly with soil.

Lettuce needs plenty of moisture. Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out; however, overwatering or lack of air circulation will cause the leaves to rot.

As the plants begin to crowd, pick individual leaves regularly to eat. For the best flavor, pick them young. Harvest a few leaves at a time to continue growth, or harvest the entire plant.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Lettuce page Print

Lettuce

Parris Island Cos
Lettuce

Lettuce

Days to Germination: 
7 to 10 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing: 

8 inches

Days to Harvest: 
68 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun / Partial shade
Best Container Size: 
Al menos 12 pulgadas de profundidad
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be made fine and loose. Plant them every 6 inches, covering them firmly with soil.

Lettuce needs plenty of moisture. Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out; however, overwatering or lack of air circulation will cause the leaves to rot.

As the plants begin to crowd, pick individual leaves regularly to eat. For the best flavor, pick them young. Harvest a few leaves at a time to continue growth, or harvest the entire plant.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Lettuce page Print
 

Onions

White Lisbon Bunching
Onions Illustration

Onions

Days to Germination: 
12-14 days
Planting Depth: 
1/4 - 1/2 inches
Plant Spacing: 

2 inches

Days to Harvest: 
60-110 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location with well-drained soil.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Onions page Print
 

Peppers

California Wonder and Bell Color Mix
Peppers Illustration

Peppers

Days to Germination: 
10-12 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

18-20 inches

Days to Harvest: 
70-80 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors in full sunlight 8 weeks before planting outdoors. Keep the seeds moist. Transplant the seedlings to the garden when they are 3 inches tall. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location after all danger of frost is past. Begin using a balanced fertilizer when the plants are 6 inches tall to increase production.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Peppers page Print
 

Radishes

Early Scarlet Globe
Radish Illustration

Radishes

Days to Germination: 
4-6 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

3 inches

Days to Harvest: 
25 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in spring after your last major frost. Cover the seeds firmly with soil. For a steady crop, sow every 10 days until warm weather. Start again in the fall until 30 days before the first frost.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Radishes page Print
 

Spinach

Bloomsdale Long Standing
Spinach

Spinach

Days to Germination: 
8 to 10 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

6 inches

Days to Harvest: 
45 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun / Partial shade
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked. Place one seed every 6 inches and cover it with soil. Harvest before a flower stalk forms.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Spinach page Print

Strawberries

Alpine
Strawberries

Strawberries

Days to Germination: 
9 to 12 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/8 inch
Plant Spacing: 

8 inches

Days to Harvest: 
90 to 110 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
14 inches or larger
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 5 to 8 weeks before transplanting to the garden when all danger of frost is past. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in full sun when all danger of frost is past and the soil is warm. 

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Strawberries page Print
 

Thyme

Thyme Illustration

Thyme

Days to Germination: 
8-20 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

8 inches

Days to Harvest: 
80-90 days
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Best Container Size: 
12 inches or larger
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 6 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Or sow the seeds directly in ordinary well-drained soil after all danger of frost is past and the soil has warmed. Pick the leaves as needed.

Water when the soil looks dry.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Thyme page Print

Tomatoes

Beefsteak
Red Cherry Large Fruited
Tomato

Tomatoes

Days to Germination: 
7 to10 days*
Planting Depth: 
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing: 

10 to 12 inches

Days to Harvest: 
80 days (Red Cherry Large Fruited may be ready a week sooner.)
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 6 weeks prior to warm weather. Transplant the seedlings to the garden when they display 4 to 6 leaves and the weather is warm. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in full sun when the soil is warm and all danger of frost is past. Tomatoes cannot tolerate frost and do not like regular temperatures below 55 degrees F.

Tomatoes require at least an inch of water per week.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Tomatoes page Print
 

Watermelon

Jubilee
Crimson Sweet
Charleston Gray
Watermelon

Watermelon

Days to Germination: 
6 to 8 days
Planting Depth: 
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing: 

5 to 8 feet

Days to Harvest: 
85 days (Jubilee will need 95 days.)
Light Needed: 
Full sun
Directions: 

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 4 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Be sure not to disturb the roots during transplanting. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in full sun when all danger of frost is past and the soil is warm.

Try making a small hill about 6 to 12 inches tall for the seeds or seedlings to start in and the plants to grow down from.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out. Watermelons love water.

Growing Tips

Visit Growing Watermelon page Print