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Plant and Grow Seeds

Asparagus

Mary Washington
Asparagus Illustration

Asparagus

Days to Germination
14 to 21 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

10-18 inches

Days to Harvest
3 years
Best Container Size
Containers are not suggested for asparagus
Directions

Start the seeds indoors, in the spring, 12 to 14 weeks before planting outdoors. Keep the seeds moist and in full sunlight. Transplant when 3 to 5 inches tall. After 1 year, transplant to a permanent location where the plants can grow undisturbed. Harvest the first crop after 3 years, then every spring.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Beets

Detroit Dark Red
Beets Illustration

Beets

Days to Germination
8 a 10 días*
Planting Depth
1 pulgada
Plant Spacing

10 pulgadas

Days to Harvest
60 días
Best Container Size
12 pulgadas o más grande
Directions

Siembre las semillas directamente en el jardín tan pronto como se pueda trabajar el suelo. Después de plantar, presione hacia abajo, cubriendo con tierra firmemente. Los betabeles crecen mejor con abundante sol y suelo bien drenado. Coseche cuando sus raíces tengan un diámetro de 3 pulgadas.

Riegue regularmente para evitar que la tierra se seque. Antes de cosechar, intente remojar el suelo para que los betabeles sean más fáciles de sacar.

Growing Tips

Cantaloupe

Hale's Best Jumbo, Honey Rock, Sierra Gold
Canteloupe

Cantaloupe

Days to Germination
7 days*
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

4 feet (Hale’s Best Jumbo will need 5 to 6 feet)

Days to Harvest
80 to 90 days
Directions

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 4 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Be sure not to disturb the roots during transplanting. Try making a small hill about 9 to 12 inches tall for the seedlings to start in and the plants to grow down from.

Growing Tips

Carrots

Danvers (Red and Orange), Long Imperator
Carrots

Carrots

Size at Maturity: 4 to 8 inches

Days to Germination
8 to 12 days*
Planting Depth
1/4 to 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

4 inches

Days to Harvest
70 to 75 days
Best Container Size
At least 12 inches deep for Danver and 14 inches deep for Long Imperator
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in loose soil when all danger of frost is past. Continue to sow seeds until 75 to 77 days before the expected fall frost.

The Long Imperator variety needs deep, loose soil. Don't allow the soil to become muddy or soggy or the carrots may crack. In addition, don’t let this variety mature fully or it will become woody and less flavorful.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out. Prior to harvesting, soak the ground to make the carrots easier to pull up.

Growing Tips

Chives

Chives

Chives

Days to Germination
15-21 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

6 inches

Days to Harvest
80-90 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 6 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location in rich, well-drained soil. The leaves can be harvested 4 months after sowing. Cut them often to encourage growth.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Cilantro

Growing Cilantro

Cilantro

These seeds are for growing the cilantro plant; however, the seeds themselves are coriander!

Days to Germination
7-10 days*
Planting Depth
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing

6 inches

Days to Harvest
70 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden, preferably in full sun, after all danger of frost is past and the soil is warm (preferably 70 degrees F). Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Cucumbers

Slicer
Growing Cucumbers

Cucumbers

Days to Germination
8-10 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

6 inches

Days to Harvest
68 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location with well-drained soil after all danger of frost is past and the ground is warm. For smaller gardens, plant the seeds alongside a fence or trellis. Plant at 3-week intervals up to midsummer for fresh cucumbers all season. Pick when 6 to 8 inches long.

Growing Tips

Kale

Siberian, Red Russian and White Russian
Growing Kale

Kale

Days to Germination
8-12 days
Planting Depth
1/4 - 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

12 inches

Days to Harvest
50 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the ground can be worked. Place one seed every 12 inches. Cover with soil. Harvest side leaves as needed at 6 to 8 inches in length.

Growing Tips

Lettuce

Mesclun Mix
Lettuce -  Mesclun Mix

Lettuce

Grow seven different salad greens: arugula, endive, red kale, red and green romaine, Salad Bowl lettuce, and Lolla Rossa lettuce.

Days to Germination
7 to 10 days
Planting Depth
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing

6 inches

Days to Harvest
40 to 80 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be made fine and loose. Plant them every 2 inches, covering them firmly with soil.

Mesclun needs plenty of moisture. Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out;  however, overwatering or lack of air circulation will cause the leaves to rot.

As the plants begin to crowd, pick individual leaves regularly for use.

Growing Tips

Lettuce

Black Seeded Simpson , Select Salad Blend
Growing Lettuce

Lettuce

Days to Germination
7 to 10 days*
Planting Depth
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing

8 inches

Days to Harvest
45 to 50 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be made fine and loose. Plant them every 6 inches, covering them firmly with soil.

Lettuce needs plenty of moisture. Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out; however, overwatering or lack of air circulation will cause the leaves to rot.

As the plants begin to crowd, pick individual leaves regularly to eat. For the best flavor, pick them young. Harvest a few leaves at a time to continue growth, or harvest the entire plant.

Growing Tips

Lettuce

Parris Island Cos
Growing Lettuce

Lettuce

Days to Germination
7 to 10 days
Planting Depth
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing

8 inches

Days to Harvest
68 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be made fine and loose. Plant them every 6 inches, covering them firmly with soil.

Lettuce needs plenty of moisture. Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out; however, overwatering or lack of air circulation will cause the leaves to rot.

As the plants begin to crowd, pick individual leaves regularly to eat. For the best flavor, pick them young. Harvest a few leaves at a time to continue growth, or harvest the entire plant.

Growing Tips

Onions

White Lisbon Bunching
Growing Onions

Onions

Days to Germination
12-14 days
Planting Depth
1/4 - 1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

2 inches

Days to Harvest
60-110 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location with well-drained soil.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Peppers

California Wonder and Bell Color Mix
Growing Peppers

Peppers

Days to Germination
10-12 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

18-20 inches

Days to Harvest
70-80 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Start the seeds indoors in full sunlight 8 weeks before planting outdoors. Keep the seeds moist. Transplant the seedlings to the garden when they are 3 inches tall. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in a sunny location after all danger of frost is past. Begin using a balanced fertilizer when the plants are 6 inches tall to increase production.

Growing Tips

Radishes

Early Scarlet Globe
Growing Radishes

Radishes

Days to Germination
4-6 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

3 inches

Days to Harvest
25 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden in spring after your last major frost. Cover the seeds firmly with soil. For a steady crop, sow every 10 days until warm weather. Start again in the fall until 30 days before the first frost.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Spinach

Bloomsdale Long Standing
Growing Spinach

Spinach

Days to Germination
8 to 10 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

6 inches

Days to Harvest
45 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Sow the seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked. Place one seed every 6 inches and cover it with soil. Harvest before a flower stalk forms.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out.

Growing Tips

Strawberries

Alpine
Growing Strawberries

Strawberries

Days to Germination
9 to 12 days*
Planting Depth
1/8 inch
Plant Spacing

8 inches

Days to Harvest
90 to 110 days
Best Container Size
14 inches or larger
Directions

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 5 to 8 weeks before transplanting to the garden when all danger of frost is past. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in full sun when all danger of frost is past and the soil is warm. 

Growing Tips

Thyme

Growing Thyme

Thyme

Days to Germination
8-20 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Days to Harvest
80-90 days
Best Container Size
12 inches or larger
Directions

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 6 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Or sow the seeds directly in ordinary well-drained soil after all danger of frost is past and the soil has warmed. Pick the leaves as needed.

Water when the soil looks dry.

Growing Tips

Tomatoes

Beefsteak , Red Cherry Large Fruited
Growing Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Days to Germination
7 to 10 days*
Planting Depth
1/4 inch
Plant Spacing

10-12 inches

Days to Harvest
80 days (Red Cherry Large Fruited may be ready a week sooner.)
Directions

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 6 weeks prior to warm weather. Transplant the seedlings to the garden when they display 4 to 6 leaves and the weather is warm. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in full sun when the soil is warm and all danger of frost is past. Tomatoes cannot tolerate frost and do not like regular temperatures below 55 degrees F.

Tomatoes require at least an inch of water per week.

Growing Tips

Watermelon

Jubilee, Crimson Sweet , Charleston Gray
Growing Watermelon

Watermelon

Days to Germination
6 to 8 days
Planting Depth
1/2 inch
Plant Spacing

5 to 8 feet

Days to Harvest
85 days (Jubilee will need 95 days.)
Directions

Start the seeds indoors near a sunny window 4 weeks before transplanting to the garden. Be sure not to disturb the roots during transplanting. Or sow the seeds directly in the garden in full sun when all danger of frost is past and the soil is warm.

Try making a small hill about 6 to 12 inches tall for the seeds or seedlings to start in and the plants to grow down from.

Water regularly to keep the soil from drying out. Watermelons love water.

Growing Tips