Plant garlic in the fall three to eight weeks before the first autumn freeze. This will allow the plant to grow into the location but not allow the green sprout to develop. If garlic is planted too early, frost will damage or kill the green sprouts above the ground. Separate the bulbs into cloves. Pick a location with good drainage that will get at least 6 hours of full sun every day. When planting your garlic cloves, make sure the tip—where the sprout comes out—is facing upward. Cover the cloves with soil so that the tips are about two inches below the soil surface, and water well. Provide a generous layer of mulch for the winter, especially if you live in a cold climate. Your garlic is ready to harvest in the summer when the lower two or three leaves turn yellow or brown. At this point, stop watering the plant. Wait for a week or two before pulling your garlic from the ground.
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